12. (24) Subject to the laws of general application respecting public safety and conservation, the Inuvialuit right to harvest on the Yukon North Slope includes:

(a) subject to the collective harvesting rights in favour of ail native peoples under the Porcupine Caribou Management Agreement referred to in Annex L, the preferential right to harvest all species of wildlife, except migratory non-game birds and migratory insectivorous birds, for subsistence usage throughout the Yukon North Slope;

(b) the exclusive right to harvest furbearers and polar bear; and

(c) the exclusive right to harvest game within the National Park, the Territorial Park and adjacent islands.

12. (25) Where harvesting rights are extended to other native peoples pursuant to subsection (33) and subsections 14(17) and (18), their requirements as to subsistence usage shall be taken into account in setting subsistence quotas and the subsistence requirements of all native peoples shall be accommodated within conservation limits.

12. (26) Sport fishing shall be permitted throughout the Yukon North Slope including the National Park and the Territorial Park.

12. (27) Where, in the exercise of their exclusive right to harvest game within the National Park and the Territorial Park, the Inuvialuit wish to permit:

(a) persons who are not beneficiaries of the Settlement or adjacent land claims settlements to harvest     any such game, prior approval of the appropriate minister is required and that minister may grant the privilege on any terms and conditions he stipulates; and 

As amended by P.C. 1987-26, January 15, 1987

(b) persons who are beneficiaries of adjacent land claims settlements to harvest any such game, those persons, if so permitted, may harvest game on the same basis as the Inuvialuit.

12. (28) Where, in the exercise of their exclusive right to harvest polar bear in the Yukon North Slope outside the National Park, the Inuvialuit permit persons who are not beneficiaries of the Inuvialuit Settlement or adjacent land claims settlements to harvest any such polar bear, the harvesting shall be regulated by the competent authority under the laws of general application.

12. (29) Where, in the exercise of their exclusive right to harvest furbearers in the Yukon North Slope outside the National Park, the Inuvialuit permit non-Inuvialuit to harvest any such furbearers, the harvesting shall be subject to any approval or notification required by the appropriate government and shall be regulated by the competent authority under the laws of general application.

12. (30) For greater certainty, the Inuvialuit shall make no gain or profit from the granting of permission to non-Inuvialuit to harvest furbearers except where it is part of a reciprocal arrangement with beneficiaries from an adjacent land claims settlement.

12. (31) The Inuvialuit may trade and barter game products with other Inuvialuit beneficiaries in the Yukon North Slope.

12. (32) Subject to the provisions of the Migratory Birds Convention Act and any regulations thereunder, the Inuvialuit may for subsistence usage sell game products to other Inuvialuit beneficiaries in the National Park.

12. (33) Where native beneficiaries in adjacent land claims settlements acquire rights to game resources within the Yukon North Slope on the basis of traditional use and occupancy, those beneficiaries shall be entitled to exchange game products with the Inuvialuit on the same basis as that provided for the Inuvialuit under this Agreement.

12. (34) Where, in the final settlement of the land claims of adjacent native groups, provision is made for the exchange of game products with the Inuvialuit, the right of the Inuvialuit to exchange amongst themselves shall be extended to those other native beneficiaries.

12. (35) Subject to the provisions of the Migratory Birds Convention Act, any regulations thereunder and other similar laws of general application, the right to harvest includes the right to sell the non-edible products of legally harvested game.

12. (36) The right to harvest game includes the right to use present and traditional methods of harvesting and the right to possess and use all equipment reasonably needed to exercise that right, subject to international agreements to which Canada is a party and to laws of general application respecting public safety and conservation. The right to harvest game includes the right to possess and transport legally harvested game within and between the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories.

12. (37) Subject to subsection (38), the right to harvest game includes the right to travel and establish camps as necessary to exercise that right.

12. (38) In the National Park referred to in subsection (5) and the Territorial Park referred to in subsection (16) the Inuvialuit have the right to use existing hunting, fishing and trapping facilities associated with their game harvesting activities and to establish new facilities after consultation with the management authority.  The location of new facilities shall be determined on the basis of the management objectives for these parks.

As amended by P.C. 1987-26, January 15, 1987

12. (39) The Inuvialuit need not obtain permits, licences or other authorization to harvest wildlife but may be required to show proof of status as Inuvialuit beneficiaries.  Where, for the purpose of conservation, permits, licences or other authorizations are required by the appropriate minister or on the recommendation of the Wildlife Management Advisory Council, Fisheries Joint Management Committee, or the Porcupine Caribou Management Board, the Inuvialuit shall have the right to receive such permits, licences or other authorizations from the local authority at no cost.

As amended by P.C. 1987-26, January 15, 1987

12. (40) Nothing in this Agreement or the Settlement Legislation shall prevent any person from taking game for survival in an emergency.

12. (41) Within their respective jurisdictions, governments shall determine the harvestable quotas for wildlife species based on the principles of conservation and the following procedures:

(a) the Wildlife Management Advisory Council (North Slope) established by subsection (46) shall determine the total allowable harvest for game according to conservation criteria and such other factors as it considers appropriate. The Council shall make its recommendations to the appropriate minister, who shall, if he differs in opinion with the Council, set forth to the Council his reasons and afford the Council a further consideration of the matter;

(b) in determining the total allowable harvest, conservation shall be the only consideration. For greater certainty, where the Inuvialuit have the exclusive right to harvest, they shall be entitled to harvest the total allowable harvest;

(c) for the purposes of management and in order to protect the interest of the Inuvialuit harvesters, subsistence quotas for the wildlife referred to in paragraph (24)(a) shall be jointly established by the Inuvialuit and the governments having jurisdiction over species or species groups of subsistence value, as follows:

(i) within the total allowable harvest for game, the Wildlife Management Advisory Council (North Slope) shall determine the subsistence quotas according to the criteria and factors it considers appropriate in addition to chose referred to in subparagraph (ii). The Council shall make its recommendations to the appropriate minister, who shall, if he differs in opinion from the Council, set forth to the Council his reasons and afford the Council further consideration of the matter, and

(ii) in determining the subsistence quota, the following criteria shall be taken into account by the Council or, where appropriate, by the Porcupine Caribou Management Board, and the appropriate minister: 

(A) the food and clothing requirements of the Inuvialuit,

(B) the usage patterns and levels of harvest of the Inuvialuit,

(C) the requirements for particular wildlife species for subsistence usage,

(D) the availability of wildlife populations to meet subsistence usage requirements including the availability of species from time to time,

(E) the projections for changes in wildlife populations, and

(F) the national and international obligations of Canada with respect to migratory game birds.

(F) as amended by P.C. 1987-26, January 15, 1987

(d) the allocation of the Inuvialuit quotas amongst themselves shall be the responsibility of the Inuvialuit.